“Arab states of the Persian Gulf”, “Gulf states”, “Gulf Arab states” or “Arab Gulf states” are referred to as Arab states bordering the Persian Gulf, namely Kuwait, Iraq, Yemen, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Most of these nations are part of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (formerly the Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC).
Since 2006, the Emirates Environmental Group (EEG) has been engaged as a focal point in extending the influence and membership base of the Global Compact in the Arabian Gulf Region. Its primary goal has been to promote the Global Compact in the region through seminars, workshops, round table discussions, lectures, presentations, publications, company-counselling, and so on, whereas at the same time to coordinate the continuing participation of registered companies in the Global Compact.
Various Gulf countries
United Arab Emirates (UAE)
One of the important sources of economy for Gulf countries includessignificant revenues from oil and gaswhich has raised their per capita incomes above those of neighbouring countries. With the exception of Iraq and Saudi Arabia, most of these Arab states have small local populations. To meet the labour shortages, they host large numbers of temporary non-citizen economic migrants from South Asia and Southeast Asia. In the past there have also been a significant number of immigrants from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Yemen.
In addition, marine trade, sea-faring and the pearl industry had been the main economic activities of many of these countries. The pearling industry collapsed in the 1930s after the development of cultured pearl methods by Japanese scientists.According to the World Bank, most of these Arab states have been the world’s most generous donors of aid as a share of GDP.
Culture & politics
The native inhabitants of the Persian Gulf share similar cultures and music styles such as sawt, fijiri, ardha, and liwa. A dialect known as Gulf Arabic is spoken in areas near the Persian Gulf coast. Most of the native inhabitants of the Persian Gulf originate from the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Some of the states are constitutional monarchies with elected parliaments. Bahrain and Kuwait have legislatures with members elected by the population.
The Sultanate of Oman also has an advisory council (Majlis ash-Shura) that is popularly elected. In the UAE, a federation of seven monarchical emirates, the Federal National Council functions only as an advisory body, but some of its members are now chosen via a small electoral college nominated by the seven rulers. Saudi Arabia remains a hereditary monarchy with limited political representation. In Qatar, an elected national parliament has been mooted and is written into the new constitution, but elections are yet to be held.
Migrant in the Gulf Background
For employment purposes, millions of people across the globe each year leave their homes and travel to distant countries. The number of migrants crossing borders in search of financial opportunity and human security is expected to increase rapidly in the coming decades. The world community needs to develop the skills, resources, and policies for better managing labor migration, so that it can contribute positively to the growth and development of both home and host societies, as well as ensure the well-being of the migrants themselves.